Homelessness, Incarceration, and Families


Mark S. Markuly, Ph.D., has been Dean and Professor of the School of Theology and Ministry at Seattle University since 2007. Dr. Markuly has specialized in interdisciplinary areas of study, particularly cognitive science and religion, the interface between educational psychology, sociology and anthropology with theology and religion, and the application of religious insight to other professional fields, such as criminal justice, specifically in the area of restorative justice.

Dr. Markuly has a bachelor’s degree in journalism from the University of Missouri-Columbia School of Journalism, a master’s degree in systematic theology from Aquinas Institute of Theology, and a Ph.D. in education from St. Louis University, with an emphasis in learning theory and instructional strategies. He has published articles and chapters in books in the areas of business and theology, religious education, and religion and culture, and has served as a writer and producer for a documentary on racism, Enduring Faith, which was published by Harcourt Publishing.



Podcast Produced by Steve Wilhelm

Jim Spickard (B.A., Stanford, M.A., New School for Social Research, Ph.D., Graduate Theological Union) teaches courses on the sociology of religion, social theory, research design, and homelessness at the University of Redlands in southern California. His homelessness course sends students on analytic internships with local social service agencies; it won the University’s 2014 Innovative Teaching award.

Jim has published widely on religion in contemporary society, human rights, social research methods, social theory, and the social foundations of ethics. His textbook on research design (Research Basics, Sage, 2017) has a chapter on homeless counts. His most recent book, Alternative Sociologies of Religion (NYU, 2017) reimagines what sociologists might notice about religion if they began from Navajo, Confucian, and Khaldunian starting points rather than from Western Christian ones. He is currently working on a book on religion’s future in the contemporary world.

Centering Wisdom


How is a family’s financial situation impacted when a close family member is incarcerated? 

In the children’s responses, what are they telling us about the impact of housing insecurity? 

Did you know that half of all children experiencing homelessness are under five years of age? How does this alter your awareness of being without shelter?


From the introductory video, place in your own words the ways in which homelessness and incarceration are a ‘revolving door.’